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Monica Gandhi, MD, MPH

Monica Gandhi, MD, MPH, is an associate professor of medicine in the divisions of HIV/AIDS and infectious diseases at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). Dr. Gandhi completed her MD degree at Harvard Medical School and then came to UCSF in 1996 for residency training in internal medicine. After her residency, Dr. Gandhi completed a fellowship in infectious diseases and a postdoctoral fellowship at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS), both at UCSF. She also obtained a master of public health degree from Berkeley in 2001 with a focus on epidemiology and biostatistics and has been on faculty at UCSF since 2003.

Dr. Gandhi's current clinical responsibilities include directorship of the AIDS consult service at San Francisco General Hospital and attending on the infectious diseases consult service at Moffitt-Long Hospital. She also serves as an HIV and primary care provider in the Women's HIV Program at UCSF, a multidiscliplinary specialty clinic for HIV-infected women in San Francisco. Her research efforts have focused on HIV/AIDS in U.S. women through the Women's Interagency HIV Study, a large, multisite prospective cohort established in 1994 to study the natural history and clinical and laboratory findings of HIV in women. Her particular research is on differences in antiretroviral exposure between men and women and finding low-cost methods to measure antiretroviral levels in resource-poor settings, such as determining drug levels in hair samples. Dr. Gandhi has also participated in research efforts involving the impact of HIV/AIDS among women in India.

In her teaching, Dr. Gandhi co-directs the public health section of the Immunity, Inflammation and Infection (I-3) course for UCSF medical students. She also co-directs the Communicable Diseases of Global Health Importance course in the new master of science program in the Global Health Sciences Division at UCSF. She serves as a guest lecturer in the Behavioral and Policy Science in HIV Treatment and Prevention course at the UC Berkeley School of Public Health. She also travels to India regularly to perform clinical training on HIV management for residents and physicians in Bangalore and Mumbai.

Selected publications:

Gandhi M, Bacchetti P, Miotti P, Quinn TC, et al. Does patient sex affect human immunodeficiency virus levels? Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2002 Aug;35:313–22.

Gandhi M and RM Greenblatt. Hair it is: The long and short of antiretroviral treatment monitoring. Annals of Internal Medicine, 2002 Oct;137(8):696–97.

Gandhi M, Greenblatt RM, Aweeka F, Blaschke T. Sex Differences in Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. Annuals Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology. 2004 Feb;44:499–523.

Gandhi M, Ameli N, Bacchetti P, Sharp GB, et al. Eligibility criteria for HIV clinical trials and generalizability of results: The gap between published reports and study protocols. AIDS. 2005 Nov;19(16):1885–96.

Riley E, Gandhi M, Hare CB, Cohen J, et al. Poverty, unstable housing and HIV infection among women living in the United States. Current HIV/AIDS Reports. 2007 Nov;4:181–86.

Huang Y, Gandhi M, Greenblatt R, Gee W, et al. Sensitive Analysis of Anti-HIV Drugs, Efavirenz, Lopinavir and Ritonavir in Human Hair Samples by Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 2008 Nov;22(21):3401–09.

Merenstein D, Gandhi M, Schwartz R, Robinson E, et al. Association of child care burden and household composition with adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in the Women's Interagency HIV Study. AIDS Patient Care and STDs. (in press).

Gandhi M, Benet Z, Bacchetti P, Kalinowski A, et al. NNRTI pharmacokinetics in a large unselected cohort of HIV-infected women. JAIDS. 2009 (in press).

Gandhi M, Huang Y, Bacchetti P, Anastos K, et al. Protease Inhibitor Levels in Hair Samples Strongly Predict Virologic Responses to HIV Treatment. AIDS. 2009 (in press).

Wong EB and Gandhi M. The Feminization of an Epidemic: HIV in Women (chapter). In Fundamentals of Global HIV Medicine, IHL Press, Temesgem Z, Ed. 2009 (in press).


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